Notable quotes in the article:
Once waste is underground, though, there are few ways to track how far it goes, how quickly or where it winds up. There is plenty of theory, but little data to prove the system works.
“The absence of episodes of pollution can mean that there are none, or that no one is looking,” said Salazar, the EPA’s former injection expert. “I would tend to believe it is the latter.”
Ultimately, the energy industry won a critical change in the federal government’s legal definition of waste: Since 1988, all material resulting from the oil and gas drilling process is considered non-hazardous, regardless of its content or toxicity.
“Geology is never what you think it is,” said Ronald Reese, a geologist with the United States Geological Survey in Florida who has studied the well failures there. “There are always surprises.”
Tom Myers, a hydrologist, drew on research showing that natural faults and fractures are more prevalent than commonly understood to create a model that predicts how chemicals might move in the Marcellus Shale, a dense layer of rock that has been called impermeable. The Marcellus Shale, which stretches from New York to Tennessee, is the focus of intense debate because of concerns that chemicals injected in drilling for natural gas will pollute water. Myers’ new model said that chemicals could leak through natural cracks into aquifers tapped for drinking water in about 100 years, far more quickly than had been thought. In areas where there is hydraulic fracturing or drilling, Myers’ model shows, man-made faults and natural ones could intersect and chemicals could migrate to the surface in as little as “a few years, or less.”
“As written, his bill would prohibit local city or county governments from passing ordinances that would ban fracking. Such ordinances in other states have resulted in lawsuits between energy companies and local governments.
The bill would also protect natural gas drilling companies with a 2-year ban on public disclosure of all records, data and other information related to their fracking operations here. Data classified as a trade secret would be shielded forever, an issue of concern to environmental organizations because energy companies in other states have said the chemical cocktails they inject during fracking are trade secrets.”
32-unit village no more – SunGazette.com | News, Sports, Jobs, Community Information – Williamsport-Sun GazettePosted: March 20, 2012 in Fracking
Fracking and losing one’s home.
Scary to live in a place that has “Toxic” and “Danger” signs up everywhere.
“Mark Little, known in the world of music as , will present a new sound composition inspired by the new exhibition, “The Spectacular of Vernacular.” In keeping with the spirit of the collection, this new work seeks to make art out of the mundane. The narrative of the composition was inspired by Mark’s day job as a geologist and his interest in , a process which may soon be used to produce natural gas here in North Carolina. The sounds of the composition are site recordings from the installation of the exhibition and even during the opening itself. Plus, Mark plays the saxophone. This work will be presented Friday, January 13, from 6 to 8 p.m. during the opening reception for “ but first Mark Little joins host Frank Stasio in our studio to discuss fracking, music and the mundane.”